Wednesday, December 5, 2007
The Greenwood Club Cavalry
This fine gentleman was William Henry Cox, my great-grandfather and a member of a little known company of cadets at the academy at Greenwood, Florida, during the final years of the War Between the States.
The cadets originally were students at the academy, but as the possibility of raids into the interior of Northwest Florida increased in late 1863 and early 1864, their teacher - Henry J. Robinson - began providing them with military training. By the spring of 1864, the school boys took on the identity of the Greenwood Club Cavalry.
They fought at the Battle of Marianna on September 27, 1864, as part of Colonel A.B. Montgomery's cavalry forces. Arrayed on the edge of town in a line of battle, they drove back the first Union advance but were themselves pushed back during the second Federal charge.
One member later rememebered how he escaped the overwhelming Union attack by riding his horse through the "dogtrot" or breezeway of a house. Others made it across the Chipola River and were involved in the fighting there as they held back the Federals until they could take up the flooring of the bridge.
William Henry Cox survived the battle and served with his unit until the end of the war. He lived out the rest of his life in eastern Jackson County and was known throughout the Parramore area for the annual Fourth of July picnics he hosted at his home. Most of the members of the Greenwood Club Cavalry never applied for state pensions offered to Confederate veterans. He was among those who did not take advantage of the opportunity to do so.